Interactivity

Overview

Our js charts are interactive by default, and almost everything can be adjusted to your liking. This article describes the default charts behaviour and tells how to adjust charts' interactivity settings.

Default interactivity

That's what happens by default when users interact with charts:

  • series and points are highlighted when hovered
  • points are selected
  • tooltips of hovered points are shown
  • series becomes highlighted when a legend is hovered
  • the series gets shown or hidden when a legend element is clicked on
  • a number of series are selected (multi-select)

Lets' now take a look at a couple of samples with default interactivity settings.

Here we've got a line chart with three series and a legend enabled. Click on legend items to hide/show series.

You can see the code of this sample in the playground.

Playground

The following sample shows a scatter chart with marker series, you can hover and select the points, and do everything you can do in the previous cartesian chart sample.

Playground

Include and Exclude Points

AnyChart provides out of the box data exploration option: ability to temporary exclude and then, if needed, include point on the any chart. To do so just move a mouse over the point and right click it, so the context menu appears, you will see "Exclude" or "Include" point items in the menu. The points you exclude or include affect only the look of the chart, your data stays safe, unharmed and unaffected by these actions.

If you want to create custom controls or change functionality in context menu you need to use getExcludedPoints(), excludePoint() and includePoint() methods. Moreover, the includeAllPoints() method includes all points of the series and requires no parameters.

Altering interactivity

And now let's talk about customising the charts' behaviour. There are two levels of interactivity: charts behaviour in general and the series interactivity level.

Charts behaviour

We can make some changes in charts behaviour using the interactivity() method. It helps to adjust hover and select settings, as well as create a "highlighting area" - a spot of a custom-defined radius that highlights (hovers) all points within that radius.

So, if we need to change something with hover, we should use hoverMode() with an argument "bySpot" or "byX". In first case we may adjust the radius of a "spot", making it bigger or smaller.

There are also two basic events: hover and select.

Hover

Our interactive hover might be of two types: "bySpot", which is a sort of multi-hover, and "byX", which is the same as single-select.

bySpot

So the hover of bySpot type (with a Spot of 30px radius) is being enabled by the following line:

// multi-hover enabling 
var interactivity = chart.interactivity();
interactivity.hoverMode("bySpot");
interactivity.spotRadius(30);

Playground

This way of hovering, when the hover state is enabled for a couple of points simultaneously, is a multi-hover mode. Now let's look at the single-hover mode ("byX").

byX

Note that you can define the mode in a easier way:

// single-hover enabling 
chart.interactivity("byX");

The code line above does the same as the previous one, but we have changed the hover mode. The following sample demonstrates the difference:

Playground

So, the "byX" mode gives us a single-hover mode, when it even isn't necessary to hover the point, you just need to move the cursor over the chart plot. So the y-coordinate doesn't matter at all in this case. It might be useful when you've got a lot of points on a chart and you need to emphasize them.

Now, let's have a look at the select and multi-select features.

Select

If you want to change the selection settings, use the selectionMode() method with one of the following arguments: "none", "singleSelect" or "multiSelect". The "none" value disables the ability to select completely, "singleSelect" disables multi-select and "multiSelect" is the default.

The Shift key is used as it is usually used with selection: if you need to select several points, hold Shift key while clicking them one by one. Selection feature is enabled by default, to switch it off do the following:

// disabling select
var interactivity = chart.interactivity();
interactivity.selectionMode("none");

Playground

Multi-select

Multi-selection mode is enabled by default. However, if you have turned it off and then you need it back, use this:

// multi-select enabling
var interactivity = chart.interactivity();
interactivity.selectionMode("multiSelect");

Playground

Single-select

And the last is single selection mode. As you could guess, the "singleSelect" is to be used in this case.

// single-select enabling
var interactivity = chart.interactivity();
interactivity.selectionMode("singleSelect");

Playground

Series behaviour

Hover

Usually, when you hover over a point, it becomes highlighted. However, if you are creating a custom dashboard or a complex control elements, it might be necessary to highlight the points before you even drag a cursor over a chart. In this case use the hover() method with a number of point (or array of numbers) that needs to be highlighted at the moment of loading.

If you provide no arguments to the hover() function, all points of the series (a series itself) will be highlighted, no matter which interactivity type you use.

Change the hover mode in playground and see the difference.

// setting some points hovered for the series
series_1.hover([4, 6, 12, 16]);
series_2.hover([0, 1, 5, 10, 11, 16, 17, 20]);	

If you need to disable the hover state for a number of points automatically, use the unhover() method. You can specify the points or leave the method with no parameters - in this case it affects all points of the series.

chart.title().listen("mouseOut", function() {
  series_1.unhover();
  series_2.unhover([0, 1, 5, 16, 17]);
});

Playground

Select

There might be some points which you'd like to be selected by default or adjust the selecting feature according to your needs. The method select() works here (similar to hover()).

// making series_1 and some points of series_2 selected
series_1.select();
series_2.select([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 11, 12, 13, 16, 17, 18, 20]);

Playground

The same as with hovering action, just define an array with the numbers and you'll get a couple of points selected at the beginning.

Note that if there is no arguments for the select() function, the continuous series will be selected, but not the discrete one.

If you need the whole series being selected as the chart is created, don't define the arguments at all. Try to do that in playground and see what difference it makes.

Some of our html5 charts might have something specific about their series - for example, maps or OHLC charts. Those components and charts have special setting for selections.

Let's change the selection settings for the box chart.

// change the selected points look
series.selected().hatchFill("soliddiamond", "#FFF", 1, 5);
series.selected().stroke("none");
series.select([2,4,9]);

Playground

If you want to disable the selection ability, use "none" as the selectionMode() argument.

To deselect the points without disabling the selection ability use unselect() method. You can specify the points or set no parameters to the method. Try to use it in our playground.

Single Point

Along with hovering and selecting of a number of points you can manage the current state of a single point. Use getPoint() method to get a point of a series. Pass point's index as a parameter for this method.

// set series data
var series = chart.column(data);

// get fourth point of the series
var point = series.getPoint(3);

After you have defined the getter for the series point you can adjust point's state and change some point's properties. Let's make a single series chart a bit more colorful and set custom color for each point of the series:

// set series data
var series = chart.column([
  {x:"John", value: 10000},
  {x:"Jake", value: 12000},
  {x:"Peter", value: 18000},
  {x:"James", value: 11000},
  {x:"Mary", value: 9000}
]);

// create getter for AnyChart palette
var palette = anychart.palettes.distinctColors();

// create a loop for coloring every series point
for (var i=0; series.getPoint(i).exists();i++){
  // define "fill" property for each series point
  series.getPoint(i).set("fill", palette.itemAt(i));
}

As you can see, we have created a column series, variable for default AnyChart palette using distinctColors() method and set a color for each point depending on point's index. Moreover, the for loop uses exists() method to check, whether the point exists or not. Custom color for a point is applied using set() method.

Playground

Previous sample demonstrates how to change a single point's appearance. Using getPoint(), we also can make a point hovered or selected through the hovered() or selected() methods accordingly.

var point = series.getPoint(3);
point.hovered(true);

Next sample uses chart's legend to trigger changes of a point. When we hover an item in a legend, the corresponding point in a series becomes hovered too, and vice versa. The same is with selecting points.

Playground

Note: The sample above uses several event listeners. More information on AnyChart events can be found in Event Listeners article. Information about legend is contained in the Legend article.

Rectangle Marquee Select

Charts

Use the startSelectMarquee() and cancelMarquee() methods to work with rectangle marquee select.

Use the selectMarqueeFill() and selectMarqueeStroke() methods to configure marquee appearance.

Handle "selectMarqueeStart", 'selectMarqueeChange' and 'selectMarqueeFinish' events inMarquee property to track marquee progress.

Stock

Use the startZoomMarquee() along with zoomMarqueeStroke() and zoomMarqueeFill() methods to work with marquee zoom in Stock charts.

Single Series Chart

As you know, AnyChart supports quite a variety of chart types. Some of them are single series charts, such as pie chart, funnel chart or pyramid chart. Managing their points is much easier than managing a number of points in a series. Use getPoint() as a chart method to get the point you need:

// set chart data
var chart = funnel(data);

// get point #4
var point = chart.getPoint(3);

The way of managing chart's points is pretty much the same as the one in single point section. Use hovered() and selected() methods to adjust current state of any point. The set() method allows you to change or create any property (field) of a point.

var chart = anychart.funnel(data);

// get the sixth point of the funnel chart
var point = chart.getPoint(5);
// set red inner color for the point
point.set("fill", "red");

Below there is a sample of a funnel chart. This chart shows sales proccess and each point corresponds to a certain stage. Using getPoint() method we have colored each point separately according to the value of the point before it. Hover over a point to see the tooltip that contains information on the difference. Information on getting value from custom points' field can be found in Text Formatters article.

Playground

Handling chart events

In some cases you might need a custom chart reaction on some user's actions which cannot be set simply using the methods described above. That's where listeners may help.

You can add a listener to any chart element, forcing it to react in some way. For example, you can make the chart body to listen to clicks and add a random point on each click; or you can tell the chart to listen to selects and uncolor all other elements when one is selected and color them back when the item gets deselected. It's possible to set some other custom interactivity using event listeners.

You can find more about listeners here.

Note: Points of a pie chart can't be selected. Use exploded() method to adjust current state of pie's slice.

Let's look at the typical situation when we might need the listeners. We add a listener of double clicks to the series, which will navigate us to the pre-defined URL.

Playground

Explore the code of this sample in the playground.

DrillDown

To create a drilldown chart you just need to decide which event you want chart to react to and then made the changes in the data accordingly.

Here is a sample of a basic drill down chart where the new data is loaded into a chart when a column is clicked on and goes back to initial state when click happens on drilled down data:

Playground

The next drilldown chart works with multiselect, in this sample the series are added and removed depending on selection made on the left chart:

Playground

Check out some other drilldown samples in the gallery:

Creating Custom Tooltip

There is one more thing you can do with the interactivity of our charts: you can create some elements from "outside" of the main chart code using JavaScript.

Please check out AnyChart Native HTML Tooltips before choosing to go this way. AnyChart Native HTML tooltips are pretty powerfull and allow to solve most of the common tasks.

In the next sample a custom tooltip with no usage of AnyChart tooltips is created:

Playground

Interactivity Settings in Data Sets

Now, let's look at data sets. If you have explored our samples in the playground, you may remember that in a couple of samples we added not only values but sometimes colors or url's, and mapped those accordingly. In this paragraph, we're going to shed light on using data set values to define interactivity parameters.

Look at the following sample.

Playground

Here we have defined all interactivity colors (selection and hovering fills) through the data set of the chart. That's how it looks like in the code:

// data
var data = anychart.data.set([
  ["John", 10000, 12000, "#ccc", "#FF9900", "diamond"],
  ["Jake", 12000, 15000, "#ccc", "#FF9900", "backward-diagonal"],
  ["Peter", 18000, 16000, "#ccc", "#FF9900", "diamond"],
  ["James", 11000, 13000, "#ccc", "#FF9900", "diamond"],
  ["Mary", 9000, 19000, "#ccc", "#FF9900", "diamond"]
]);

// map data for each series
var Sales2003 = data.mapAs({x: 0, value: 1, hoverFill: 3, selectFill: 4});
var Sales2004 = data.mapAs({x: 0, value: 2, hoverFill: 3, selectHatchFill: 5});

So, when you need or want to use AnyChar data set to set the series interactive behavior, all you need is to map the parameters properly afterwards.

Another way of defining interactivity through the data set is setting the data as objects, like in the following:

// data
var data = [
    {x:1, value:990, state: "selected", selected: {fill:"Green"}},
    {x:2, value:1100, state: "selected", selected: {fill:"Blue"}},
    {x:3, value:1050, selected: {fill:"Red"}},
    {x:4, value:890, selected: {fill:"Red"}},
    {x:5, value:1300, state: "selected", selected: {fill:"Red"}},
    {x:6, value:840, state: "selected", selected: {fill:"Green"}},
    {x:7, value:900, selected: {fill:"Red"}},
    {x:8, value:1000, selected: {fill:"Red"}}
];

Playground